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Child Custody Agreement Quebec: All You Need to Know

Child custody is an important issue that arises after separation or divorce. It involves determining the legal and physical custody of a child and making decisions about the child`s upbringing and well-being. If you are living in Quebec and going through a divorce or separation, you may need to understand the child custody agreement Quebec.

In Quebec, child custody is referred to as “parental authority.” The law recognizes that both parents have rights and obligations towards their child, and they are expected to make decisions jointly to ensure the child`s well-being. However, in cases where the parents cannot agree on child custody, a court may have to intervene and make a decision that is in the best interest of the child.

Types of Child Custody in Quebec

There are two types of child custody in Quebec: joint custody and sole custody.

Joint Custody: Under joint custody, both parents have equal rights and responsibilities towards their child. They share the decision-making power and are expected to work collaboratively to make decisions that are in the best interest of their child. Joint custody may involve the child living with both parents on a shared basis or spending a significant amount of time with both parents.

Sole Custody: Under sole custody, one parent has the right to make all the decisions about the child`s upbringing and well-being. The other parent may have visitation rights but will not have any decision-making power.

How to Agree on Child Custody in Quebec

If you and your partner can agree on child custody, you may be able to avoid going to court. You can work together to create a written agreement that outlines the details of custody arrangements, such as:

– Where the child will live

– How much time the child will spend with each parent

– How decisions about the child`s upbringing and well-being will be made

– How child support will be paid

The agreement should be signed and dated by both parents, and a copy should be given to each parent. It may be wise to have a lawyer review the agreement to ensure that it is legally binding and protects your rights and interests.

Going to Court for Child Custody in Quebec

If you and your partner cannot agree on child custody arrangements, you may need to go to court. The court will consider a range of factors when making a decision, including:

– The child`s best interest

– The child`s safety and well-being

– The ability of each parent to provide for the child`s needs

– The child`s relationship with each parent

– The child`s preferences (if the child is old enough to express them)

The court may appoint a mediator to help you and your partner reach an agreement. If this is not successful, a judge will make a final decision that will be legally binding.


Child custody is an emotional and complex issue that requires careful consideration and planning. If you are going through a divorce or separation and need to create a child custody agreement Quebec, it is essential to understand your legal rights and obligations. Whether you can reach an agreement with your partner or need to go to court, the most important consideration is the well-being and best interest of your child.